A dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used in prosthetic dentistry. There are several types. The most widely accepted and successful is the Osseo integrated implant, based on the discovery that titanium could be successfully incorporated into bone This forms a structural and functional connection between the living bone and the implant. A variation on the implant procedure is the implant-supported bridge, or implant-supported denture. Implants are very popular and common. Implants are used as artificial teeth roots surgically placed into the jaw bone. Implants are also used in combination with crowns, bridges and removable dentures. Most healthy adults with good quality bone tissue are suitable candidates. In ideal cases we can extract the affected tooth and implant a replacement with a crown, typically produced in 2 days. Once you have had your extraction two visits to the clinic will be required, one to fit the implant and the next visit to fit the crown, usually 6 weeks after the initial implant. It is recommended to have the extraction carried out by the same dentist who carries out the initial implant.

Crown and Bridges

Crown and Bridge refers to the fabrication and preparation for prosthetic partially or full-coverage indirect restorations. A crown covers a single tooth, whereas a bridge is used to span a space between teeth, by joining to the tooth on either side. Traditionally, the teeth are prepared by a dentist and records given to a lab technician to create the crown or bridge to be inserted. As new technology and material chemistry has evolved computers are increasingly becoming a part of crown and bridge fabrication.

A damaged tooth may be difficult or impossible to restore to correct form and function. In such cases, the tooth may require an indirect restoration made outside the mouth by a dental technician, who can work to produce a customized tooth shape in the chosen material that will fit the patient's damaged tooth exactly, somewhat like a thimble fits over a finger to protect it. Crowns can also be used to support bridgework which replaces missing teeth adjacent to the crowned teeth and may be required in cases of very severe staining or where the visible form of teeth need to be realigned.
Crowns, like all dental restorations, do not last forever; the average lifespan of a crown is around 10 years, but they can last up to 30 years with proper care, though this depends on the skill of the dentist and technician, the material used, and most important the oral hygiene of the patient.

The main materials used are metal, and porcelain or ceramic. The materials are used alone or in combinations of both in the form of porcelain fused to metal (PFM).



Dentures (also known as dental plates), can be defined as a set of artificial teeth, which are used when a patient has lost real teeth on the mandible arch, the maxillary arch, or both. Dentures can help give the edentulous client better masticator (chewing) abilities, as well as enhance their aesthetic appeal by providing the illusion of having natural teeth, providing support for their lips and cheeks, and correcting the collapsed appearance commonly seen between the nose and the chin.

Removable partial dentures are for clients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch. Fixed partial dentures, better known as permanent bridges, are made from crowns that are fitted on the remaining teeth to act as abutments and pontics made from materials to resemble the missing teeth.

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